New PASS Norms

In August 2023, the PASS norms for the United States were updated. Over 400,000 student results were captured across the United States between August 2021 and November 2022. A standardization sample of 40,268 students was then drawn using a randomized stratified sampling technique. To reflect the composition of the US population, the sample is stratified by age, gender, location, and ethnicity.  You can read more about sampling methods, reliability and validity behind our new norms in our Technical Report.

You may notice some differences using the new norms.  There are a range of factors that can influence norms. For example, changing attitudes over time, the pandemic, or political and social factors in schools and at home.  

We’ve collected some frequently asked questions about the new norms. If you have any questions about how to interpret your data that aren’t answered below, we encourage you to reach out to your account manager or email us at [email protected] 


Technical report