References

Alloway, T.P. (2007). Automated Working Memory Assessment. UK: Pearson Assessment.

Alloway, T.P., & Gathercole, S. E. (2006). How does working memory work in the classroom? Educational Research and Review, 1, 134- 139.

Alloway, T.P., Gathercole, S.E., & Kirkwood, H. (2008). Working Memory Rating Scale. UK: Pearson Assessment.

Alloway, T.P., Gathercole, S.E., Kirkwood, H.J., & Elliott, J. (2009). The Working memory rating scale: A classroom-based behavioural assessment of working memory. Learning and Individual Differences, 19, 242-245.

Alloway, T.P., Gathercole, S.E., Willis, C., & Adams, A.M. (2004). A structural analysis of working memory and related cognitive skills in early childhood. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 87, 85-106.

Archibald, L.M.D., & Gathercole, S.E. (2006). Short-term and working memory in Specific Language Impairment. In T.P. Alloway and S.E. Gathercole (Eds). Working memory and neurodevelopmental disorders (pp. 139-160). Psychology Press.

Baddeley, A.D. (2000). The episodic buffer: a new component of working memory? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11(4), 417- 423.

Baddeley, A.D. (2002). Is working memory still working? European Psychologist, 7, 85-97.

Baddeley, A.D. (2007). Working memory, thought and action. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Baddeley, A.D., & Hitch, G. (1974). Working Memory. In Bower, G.H. (Ed.), The Psychology of Learning and Motivation. New York: Academic Press.

Bull, R., & Scerif, G. (2001). Executive functioning as a predictor of children’s mathematical ability: Inhibition, Switching and Working memory. Developmental Neuropsychology, 19, 273- 293.

Cain, K., Oakhill, J., & Bryant, P. (2004). Children’s reading comprehension ability: Concurrent predictions by working memory, verbal ability, and component skills. Journal of Educational Psychology, 96, 31- 42.

Cannon, R., Lubar, J., Gerke, A., Thornton, K., Hutchens, T., & McCammon, V. (2006). EEG spectral power and coherence: LORETA neurofeedback training in the anterior cingulated gyrus. Journal of Neurotherapy, 10, 5-31.

Case, R., Kurland, D.M., & Goldberg, J. (1982). Operational efficiency and the growth of short- term memory span. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 33, 386- 404.

Dahlin, K.I.E. (2011). Effects of working memory training on reading in children with special needs. Reading and Writing, 24, 479-491.

Daneman, M., & Carpenter, P.A. (1980). Individual differences in working memory and reading. Journal of Verbal learning and Verbal Behaviour, 19, 450- 466.

Daneman, M., & Merickle, P.M. (1996). Working memory and language comprehension: A meta- Analysis. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 3, 422- 433.

Della Sala, S., Gray, C., Baddeley, A.D., Allamano, N., & Wilson, L. (1999). Pattern span: A tool for unwelding visuo-spatial memory. Neuropsychologia, 37, 1189-1199.

Della Sala, S., Gray, C., Baddeley, A.D., & Wilson, L. (1997). The Visual Patterns Test: A test of short-term visual recall. Thames Valley Test Company.

De Jong, P.P. (1998). Working memory deficits of reading disabled children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 70(2), 75- 96.

DeStefano, D., & LeFevre, J. (2004). The role of working memory in mental arithmetic. European Journal of cognitive Psychology, 16, 353- 386.

Elliott, C.D. (1983). The British Abilities Scales. Windsor: NFER Nelson.

Engle, R.W., Tuholski, S.W., Laughlin, J.E., & Conway, A.R.A. (1999). Working memory, short- term memory, and general fluid intelligence: A latent variable approach. Journal of Experimental Psychology General, 128, 309- 331.

Gathercole, S.E., & Alloway, T.P. (2004). Understanding working memory: A classroom guide. www.psychology.dur.ac.uk/research/wm/myweb15/index.htm.

Gathercole, S.E., & Alloway, T.P. (2008). Working memory and learning: A practical guide for teachers. London: Sage.

Gathercole, S.E., Alloway, T.P., Willis, C., & Adams, A.M. (2006). Working memory in children with reading disabilities. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 93, 265- 281.

Gathercole, S.E., Brown, L., & Pickering, S.J. (2003). Working memory assessments at school entry as longitudinal predictors of National Curriculum attainment levels. Educational and Child Psychology, 20, 109- 122.

Gathercole, S.E., Hitch, G.J., Service, E., & Martin, A.J. (1997). Phonological short- term memory and new word learning in children. Developmental Psychology, 33, 966- 979.

Gathercole, S.E., & Pickering, S.J. (2000). Working memory deficits in children with low achievement in the national curriculum at 7 year of age. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 70, 177-194.

Gathercole, S.E., & Pickering, S.J. (2001). Working memory deficits in children with special educational needs. British Journal of Special Education, 28, 89-97.

Gathercole, S. E., Pickering, S. J., Ambridge, B., & Wearing, H. (2004). The structure of working memory from 4 to 15 years of age. Developmental Psychology, 40, 177- 190.

Gathercole, S.E., Pickering, S.J., Knight, C., & Stegmann, Z. (2004). Working memory skills and educational attainment: Evidence from national curriculum assessments at 7 and 14 years of age. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 18, 1- 16.

Geary, D.C., Hoard, M.K., & Hamson, C.O. (1999). Numerical and arithmetical cognition: Patterns of functions and deficits in children at risk for a mathematical disability. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 74, 213-239.

Hitch, G.J. (1978). The role of short- term working memory in mental arithmetic. Cognitive Psychology, 10, 303- 323.

Holmes, J., Gathercole, S.E., & Dunning, D.L. (2009). Adaptive training leads to sustained enhancement of poor working memory in children. Developmental Science, 12, F9.

Holmes, J., Gathercole, S.E., Place, M., Dunning, D.L., Hilton, K.A., & Elliot, G.J. (2010). Working memory deficits can be overcome: Impacts of training and medication on working memory in children with ADHD. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 24, 827-836.

Horne, J.K. (2007) Gender differences in computerised and conventional educational tests. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 23, 47–55.

Jarvis, H.L., & Gathercole, S.E. (2003). Verbal and nonverbal working memory and achievements on national curriculum tests at 11 and 14 years of age. Educational and Child Psychology, 20, 123- 140.

Jeffries, S.A., & Everatt, J. (2004). Working memory: Its role in dyslexia and other specific learning difficulties. Dyslexia, 10, 196-214.

Juffs, A. and Harrington, M. (2011) Aspects of working memory in L2 learning. Language Teaching, 44, 137-166.

Kane, M.J., Brown, L.G., McVay, J.C., Silvia, P.J., Myin-Germeys, I., & Kwapil, T.R. (2007). For whom the mind wanders and when: An experience sampling study of working memory and executive functions in everyday life. Psychological Science, 18, 614-621.

Kane, M.J., & Engle, R.W. (2003). Working memory capacity and the control of attention: The contributions of goal neglect, response competition, and task set to stroop interference. Journal of Experimental Psychology General, 132, 47-70.

Kingberg, T., Fernell, E., Olesen, P., Johnson, M., Gustafsson, P., Dahlstrom, K. & Westerberg, H. (2005). Computerised training of working memory in children with ADHD: A randomised controlled trial. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44, 177-186.

Klingberg, T., Forssberg, H., & Westerberg, H. (2002). Training of working memory in children with ADHD. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 24, 781- 791.

Lachman, M.E., Neupert, S.D., Bertrand, R., & Jette, A.M.(2006). The effects of strength training on working memory in older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, 14, 59-73.

Leedale, R., Singleton, C., & Thomas, K. (2004). Memory Booster (computer program and manual). Lucid Research Limited.

Logie, R.H., & Baddeley, A.D. (1987). Cognitive processes in counting. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 13, 310- 326.

Mayringer, H., & Wimmer, H. (2000). Psedoname learning by German- speaking children with dyslexia: Evidence for a phonological learning deficit. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 75, 116- 133.

Nation, K., Adams, J.W., Bowyer- Crane, C.A., Snowling, M.J. (1999). Working memory deficits in poor comprehenders reflect underlying language impairments. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 73, 139- 158.

Pesenti, M., Tzourio, N., Doroux, B., Samson, D., Beaudouin, V., Seron, X., & Mazoyer, B. (1998). Functional anatomy of mental calculation in a calculating prodigy. Neuroimage, 7, 822.

Pickering, S., & Gathercole, S. (2001). Working Memory Test Battery for Children (WMTBC). London: The Psychological Corporation.

Shipstead, Z., Redick, T.S., & Engle, R. W. (2012). Is working memory training effective? Psychological Bulletin, 138, 628- 654.

Seigneuric, A., Ehrlich, M.F., Oakhill, J.V., & Yuill, N.M. (2000). Working memory resources and children’s reading comprehension. Reading and Writing, 13, 81- 103.

Service, E., & Craik, F.I.M. (1993). Differences between younger and older adults in Siegel, L.S., & Ryan, E.B. (1989). The development of working memory in normally achieving and subtypes of learning disabled children. Child Development, 60, 973- 980.

Service, E., & Kohonen, V. (1995). Is the relation between phonological memory and foreign-language learning accounted for by vocabulary acquisition? Applied Psycholinguistics, 16, 155- 172.

Siegel, L.S., & Ryan, E.B. (1989). The development of working memory in normally achieving and subtypes of learning disabled children. Child Development, 60, 973- 980.

Singleton, C.H. (2001) Computer-based assessment in education. Educational and Child Psychology, 18, 58-74.

St Clair-Thompson, H.L. (2011). Executive functions and working memory behaviours in children with a poor working memory Learning and Individual Differences, 21, 409- 414.

St Clair- Thompson, H.L. & Gathercole, S.E. (2006). Executive Functions and Achievements in School: Shifting, Updating, Inhibition, and Working Memory. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A, 59, 745-759.

St Clair-Thompson, H.L., Stevens, R., Hunt, A., & Bolder, E. (2010). Improving children’s working memory and classroom performance. Educational Psychology, 30, 203-220.

Swanson, H. L. (1993). Working memory in learning disability subgroups. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 56, 87-114.

Swanson, H.L. (1994). Short- term memory and working memory: Do both contribute to our understanding of academic achievement in children and adults with learning disabilities? Journal of Learning disabilities, 27, 34-50.

Swanson, H.L., & Berniger, V.W. (1995). Working memory as a source of individual differences in children’s writing. In E. Butterfield (Ed.), Children’s Writing: Toward a Process Theory of Skilled Writing (pp. 31- 35). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

Thorell, L.B., Lindquist, S., Bergman, S., Bohlin, G., & Klingberg, T. (2009). Training and transfer effects of executive functions in preschool children. Developmental Science, 12, 106-113.

Trbovich, P.L., & LeFevre, J. (2003). Phonological and visuo-spatial working memory in mental addition. Memory and Cognition, 31, 738- 745.

Unsworth, N., & Engle, R.W. (2007). On the division of short-term and working memory: An examination of simple and complex span and their relation to higher order abilities. Psychological Bulletin, 133, 1038- 1066.

Wechsler, D. (1986). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children- Revised. New York: Psychological Corporation.

Zeidan, F., Johnson, S.K., Diamond, B.J., David, Z., & Goolkasian, P. (2010). Mindfulness meditation improves cognition: Evidence of brief mental training. Consciousness and Cognition, 19, 597-605.