Interpreting results of the visual memory subtests

The visual memory subtests in CoPS are:

  • Crayons – assesses visual-verbal sequential memory (colours)
  • Rabbits – assesses visual spatial sequential memory (spatial/temporal position)
  • Toybox – assesses visual associative memory (shape and colour)
  • Letters – assesses visual sequential memory (symbols)

These four subtests of visual memory will be considered together, because the teacher needs to compare them when interpreting CoPS results. Visual memory is an essential component of literacy development, especially in rapid word recognition (particularly of irregular words for which a phonic strategy would not be appropriate), in fast processing of text, and in spelling (again, particularly where irregular words are concerned).