Instructions for administering the tests

  • Read out to the students all directions given here in colour, exactly as they appear. Any other instructions that are not in colour are for the administrator’s attention and should not be read out to the students.
  • Within the text to be read out to the students, any instructions to the administrator are given in square brackets and are not in colour. Do not read these out.
  • Read the instructions from this administrator’s guidance, not from a copy of the Student Booklet, as there are additional statements (for example, ‘Are there any questions?’) that are not printed in the Student Booklet.
  • The example and practice items are presented for your reference only: these do not have to be read out to the students as they are presented in the Student Booklet.
Verbatim instructions are in colour so you can easily see the information to be read aloud.

Distributing the test materials

  • Ensure you have a Student Booklet of the correct level and an Answer Sheet for each student, plus a Student Booklet for yourself.
  • Ensure each student has at least one sharpened HB pencil and that you have spares readily available. Erasers will be required as the students will be instructed to rub out responses that they wish to change.
  • When all the students are seated, say:
Today you are going to take some short reasoning tests. There are several different kinds of questions in these tests. Be sure to do your best on all of the questions. Now I will give out the Student Booklets and Answer Sheets. Place them on your desk and wait until I give further instructions. Do not open your Student Booklets.
  • Distribute the Student Booklets and Answer Sheets.

Directions to the students

If possible, display the school name, class and today’s date for the students to copy. Please note that the format for ‘Today’s date’ and

‘Date of birth’ needs to be ‘DD MM YYYY’.

When each student has a copy of the Student Booklet and an Answer Sheet, say:

Look at the front of your Answer Sheet. At the top is a box for you to fill in some information about yourself.

Where it says ‘School’, write carefully in capital letters ..........[as displayed or given verbally].

Where it says ‘Class’, write .......... [as displayed or given verbally].

Where it says ‘Today’s date’, write today’s date in the boxes like this

………. [as displayed or given verbally].

Where it says ‘Date of birth’, write your date of birth in the boxes.

The required format for dates is ‘DD MM YYYY’.

Recording the student’s name

Now open your booklet at page 2 and follow while I read the instructions. Does everyone have the right place?


Your answers to the test questions will be marked on a separate Answer Sheet. The Answer Sheet will be scored by a computer. The computer will have to ‘read’ and copy your name from the Answer Sheet. To make this possible, you must mark your name in a special way on the ‘name block’ on the Answer Sheet.

Look at the example name block below. It has been marked for ANNE BURTON who was born on the 17th of February 2002. Her name has been written in capital letters in the row of boxes at the top. Her first name has been written under ‘Student’s forename’ and her family name has been written under ‘Student’s surname’.

Now look at the alphabet columns below her name. Notice that a letter has been marked for each letter of the name. The B has been marked below the B of BURTON, the U below the U of BURTON, the R under the R, and so on. Notice how each letter has been marked by drawing a firm line through the middle of it.

Now write your name in capital letters in the boxes under ‘Student’s forename’ and ‘Student’s surname’. If there aren’t enough boxes to complete your name, just fill in the first eight letters under ‘Student’s forename’ and the first 13 letters under ‘Student’s surname’.


Now mark the letters in the alphabet columns under your name. Begin with the first letter of your name and find this same letter in the column directly underneath it. Draw a line carefully over the middle of the letter. Do the same for each letter of your forename and surname. If you make a mistake, rub it out carefully and make the correction.

If you have any questions about what to do please raise your hand.


Recording the student’s date of birth

This section of the Answer Sheet may be completed by either the student or teacher but, for younger students, it is recommended that the teacher completes this information. It is very important that this information is completed correctly and it must be double-checked by the teacher if the student completes it.

If students are to complete the details, read out the following:

Now look at page 3 of your booklet. Now look to see how ANNE BURTON’s date of birth has been shown. She was born on 17th February 2002, so the boxes showing a 1 and a 7 have a line through them for 17. The boxes next to February and 2002 have also been marked.

Now we are going to complete the ‘Date of birth’ box on your Answer Sheet.  [Pause] Draw a line over the number of your birthday.  [Pause] Now mark the box next to the month in which you were born.  [Pause] Finally, mark the box next to the year in which you were born.

Look at the example in the Student Booklet to help you do this.

Raise your hand if you have any questions.

Recording the student’s gender and ID number

Next to the top panel is a block marked ‘Gender’. Ask the students to mark the appropriate box.

The student’s ID number is their DfE Unique Pupil Number (UPN), which is optional. However, it does add an additional check for accuracy as each number is unique and, therefore, if the student’s name or date of birth cannot be read for some reason, the UPN can be used to identify the student.

You will need to provide each student with their UPN to copy. Please include the following instructions if you intend to do this:

Look at the ‘Student’s ID number’. Write your number in the boxes and mark the letter and numbers in the column directly underneath it. Remember to draw a line carefully over the middle of the letter or number.

Taking the test

Ask the students to turn to page 3 of their Student Booklet.

Check all the students are on the right page and read:

In this booklet there are eight tests that use words, numbers and shapes.

You may find some of the questions easy and some of them hard. Try to answer every question, but do not spend too much time on those you find difficult. Do those that you can. Then, if you have time, go back and answer those that you have missed. If you are not sure of the answer, mark the answer you think is right. If you have completed the questions and have time left, go back and check your work.

You must mark all your answers in pencil by filling in the correct box on the Answer Sheet. You must not use a pen.

If you want to change an answer, rub out your first answer and then mark the answer you think is correct.

Please do not write in this booklet.

Now work through the example and practice items for the first test with the students as explained on the following pages, and continue with further tests as directed in this guidance.